Wheel loader belong to the heavy equipment category and are very often found on various construction job sites. What is wheel loader uses in construction? How to take care of it?
What is Wheel Loader?
A wheel loader is a heavy equipment that is used to transport or move material that will then be loaded onto a dump truck. This tool can also be used to move materials.
This heavy equipment at first glance is similar to other heavy equipment called a bulldozer. But there are some differences between the two heavy teams. Bulldozers have wheels made of chains.
While this loader has rubber wheels or tires. Because there are differences in the wheels, the uses and capabilities of the two tools are also different.
Wheel Loaders Uses
Typically, this heavy equipment is used in areas where the surface is flatter, harder, drier, and non-slippery. This heavy equipment has several functions, namely:
1. Land clearing
The first function of this rubber tire machine is to clean the construction site or field where the construction project will take place.
This heavy equipment can also be used to move the floor as long as the dislodged floor is at a relatively close distance.
Another function of this machine is to level several piles of soil, as well as to fill in various excavations of soil.
This machine also has a peeling function, which consists of peeling or scratching the bad or bad part of the floor.
Finishing is another function of this heavy equipment, that is, leveling the top or surface of a plane.
Types of loaders
There are at least two different types of chargers, which are often used on various construction sites. The first type is the one discussed here and the second is the bulldozer.
What makes these different types of chargers different? The following are some of the differences between some of the most commonly used charger types on project sites.
1. Compact wheel loaders
The first type or types are designed to be used during the production process, especially in narrower workplaces. There are additional tools that can be installed and adjusted as needed.
Small wheel loaders
The second type is similar to the first type mentioned above. This type is also very suitable for use in a narrower area because it is more flexible and easier to move.
2. Medium wheel loaders
Then there is the middle type which is very well known or popular because this type can be adjusted or modified to increase the productivity of the operator using it.
3. Large wheel loaders
This fourth type has a fairly strong motor and is specifically designed for use in the industrial world. This type offers optimal efficiency.
Even this fourth type can be optimally operated even on rough terrain. These different types of chargers are designed to be compatible with various accessories.
Some additional tools that can be added to the loader include a bucket, a backhoe, a front end, and a scoop ladder.
Wheel Loader Maintenance
The maintenance or maintenance of this heavy equipment is divided into two categories, namely, corrective maintenance and preventive maintenance. What is the difference?
1. Preventive Maintenance
Preventive maintenance is maintenance whose purpose is to minimize or prevent damage to the loader. Included in this treatment are:
2. Periodic maintenance
It is maintenance that is carried out when the loader has been in operation or in use for a certain period of time.
3. Scheduled review
This is followed by maintenance that is applied to the loader unit in a time interval, according to the standard maintenance or the maintenance required by each component.
4. Maintenance under conditions
Next, maintenance is carried out according to the state of the loader that can be seen in the different programs carried out.
Various programs carried out include engine inspection, lubricant analysis, daily inspection and landing gear maintenance.
Daily inspections can be performed, but they must follow a special schedule that has been determined by the heavy equipment manufacturer.
5. Corrective maintenance
Corrective maintenance is maintenance that is carried out with the aim of returning the machine to its original condition through adjustments or repairs of various components.
Like preventive care, maintenance in the form of services is also divided into several different types of treatment, namely:
- Breakdown maintenance
This corrective maintenance is carried out on the Wheel Loader unit whose engine is damaged and can no longer be operated.
- Repair and adjustment
The next type of maintenance is a special treatment to repair machines or tools that are not yet seriously damaged or that can still be operated or used.
Although the charging unit appears to still be usable, repairs to damaged components should be done as soon as damage is identified.
If repairs are not carried out immediately, the damage can get worse and jeopardize safety. Severe damage could endanger the operator of this machine.
And because the machine is large and used outdoors with many workers, other people on site may also be affected by damage to the charger.
Make sure the wheel loader has gone through a verification process before starting to use it to reduce the risk of workplace accidents and keep the construction project site safe for workers.